Home   Lifestyle   Article

Planning well is key to safe return to outdoor adventures

By John Davidson

Contribute to support quality local journalism

Hill walkers and climbers are expected to flock to the hills once lockdown restrictions are eased enough to allow more widespread travel.

First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has said that the tourism industry should prepare for a return to business from July 15, so that date could be when more of us can travel to the hills.

With that in mind, Scottish Mountain Rescue here share some reminders of how to properly plan for your next day in the hills – and they say it is also relevant to other adventure sports such as kayaking and mountain biking.

So, use the time between now and your next long-awaited day out to prepare well.

A return to the hills will be welcome after months of lockdown.
A return to the hills will be welcome after months of lockdown.

The importance of planning for your adventures

We are all eager to return to the glens, lochs, trails, and hills as soon as we can. It will be a delight to get out adventuring again, now the Covid-19 situation and its necessary restrictions have eased. But we also do not want to go head over heels (or handlebars) into the outdoors, as this may lead to injuries or accidents, which would be a shame having spent so long waiting for our outdoor freedom.

The return to the outdoors will likely need to be gradual, keeping in mind government guidance on social distancing and considering the safety of others. Scottish Mountain Rescue teams remain active – however, with adapted procedures that may mean a longer rescue time and additional work for the teams, such as the need to decontaminate all equipment post-rescue.

In order to mitigate the risk when we do return to the hills, we should plan our journeys thoroughly to ensure our adventures are, to the best of our abilities, safe and enjoyable, and with an awareness of easing your way into it, not overdoing it!

What to consider when planning an adventure

Many winter mountaineers and skiers will be familiar with the Scottish Avalanche Awareness Service’s Be Avalanche Aware planning framework. This basis of this framework is encouraging comprehensive planning for a winter hill day, taking into account the following:

  • The avalanche hazard, weather, and mountain conditions
  • The individuals involved, their skills, experiences, and aims
  • The landscape intended to visit

While the Be Avalanche Aware (BAA) framework was created with winter hill days in mind, it can be adapted for any adventure planning. The avalanche hazard may not apply currently, but the weather and mountain conditions still do, or, for example, the river levels or the inshore forecast for paddlers.

The Be Avalanche Aware framework can be adapted to other times and activities.
The Be Avalanche Aware framework can be adapted to other times and activities.


Have a look at several sources for weather information and compare them for a comprehensive picture of what to prepare for. Some options include the Met Office, Mountain Weather Information Service (MWIS), yr.no and windy.com. Look at the weather not only on your target day, but the general trend. The weather ahead of your day may affect the conditions you have, and be aware of the weather following your day in case it arrives early, such as increases in wind speed, changes in its direction, an oncoming storm etc.

Consider all the group’s skills, experience, and aims and communicate them. Different aims within the group can complicate decision making. Check the group has the correct equipment and the skills to use it.

Look at the terrain you intend to travel through and consider the terrain alongside the forecast you have. More complex terrain requires good navigation skills, especially in poor visibility. Or the wind speed/direction might mean it is better to do a circuit in reverse. It can also be helpful to use local knowledge, ask folk who have been there recently, check online forums and social media. Remember to check the date of someone’s report/ photos and be aware of the author’s bias; ‘good enough’ conditions for them might be unpleasant for you!

An important aspect of the BAA framework is the use of these factors in the decision-making process not only in the planning stage, but also on the journey, and at key places during the day. The framework emphasises looking ahead and considering all the options, and not falling into the trap of commitment.


It can be easy to relax on the journey, especially if you are chatting with friends. But keeping vigilant is important, as we all know how quickly conditions can change in the Scottish mountains. Ask yourself on the way – are the conditions as you expected? Is the group acting as expected?

Key Places

Decide on key places for your journey before you leave. A key place might be in the run-up to a route decision – doing one summit or two, scrambling or climbing, etc. Having set key places gives you the space to make the decision before committing. Key places may also be somewhere, for example, you know to have a snack before a challenging section. Or it could be a time; at 5pm you put your headtorch in an accessible place.

A framework such as the BAA model provides a structure that can be applied to different sports, just by changing the relevant environmental factors, not the process. The structure helps prevent overlooking essential details; it encourages looking ahead and considering all our options so that we do not overcommit but plan conservatively with the option to extend. It promotes clear and open communication within the group, empowering all the individuals involved.


It is good practice to reflect on our adventures and use our experience to prepare for other journeys. When we reflect, we often focus on the parts that stood out, perhaps discomfort from cold weather, or if equipment worked well or not, etc. It is easy to overlook other aspects of the adventure in favour of these more immediate aspects. The framework can provide a structure for your reflection, so that we thoroughly consider the adventure, consolidate the experience, and learn from it.

As we look to those first hill days, keep in mind the importance of good planning and be aware of safety. Err on the side of caution for now; it is not the time for unnecessary risk. It will still be an adventure and an absolute joy for all of us when we can get out again into the fantastic Scottish outdoors.

This website is powered by the generosity of readers like you.
Please donate what you can afford to help us keep our communities informed.


In these testing times, your support is more important than ever. Thank you.

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies - Learn More